introducing france


There really is something for everyone in France, something that will delight and enthrall each visitor, whether they come in search of good food and fine wines, or simply to enjoy a relaxing holiday on golden-sand beaches (with or without your clothes).


Here you can absorb the culture and outstanding architectural heritage, from amazing chateaux to World Heritage Sites, from beautiful villages where a game of boules is about as energetic as it gets, to the vibrant scenes of Paris, Lyon and Strasbourg...and many more.

For those with energy to burn the winters offer excellent skiing and hard mountain climbs, while the warm breezes of summer are perfect for rambling, cycling, horse riding and the tendencies of those who like to launch themselves into the air attached to little more than an over-sized item of ladies' underclothing...they call it parapente.

With such a large country, the geology is diverse, and that means constantly changing countryside as you pass through, from the agricultural plains of the north to the river- and volcano-fashioned landscapes farther south, and the high mountains – the Alps and the Pyrenees – that frame the country east and south.

Whatever your desires, there is a good chance they will be satisfied in France. Bienvenue!



geographical information

Ttraditionally, the country has been divided into 22 administrative regions: Alsace, Aquitaine, Auvergne, Basse-Normandie, Bourgogne, Bretagne, Centre, Champagne-Ardenne, Corse, Franche-Comte, Haute-Normandie, Ile-de-France, Languedoc-RoussillonLimousin, Lorraine, Midi-Pyrénées, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, Pays de la LoirePicardie, Poitou-Charente, Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur, Rhone-Alpes.

In 2014, however, the French Parliament (the National Assembly and the Senate) passed a law that reduced the number of regions in Metropolitan France from 22 to 13. The new regions took effect on 1 January 2016.

Each region is divided into départements, with a total of 96. There are 38,851 cities, towns and villages, across a land area of 551,695 sq km. The highest point is Mont Blanc (4,810m/15,780 feet), and the coastline is 5,500km (3,438 miles) long.

Mountains

  • Mont Blanc (Alps) 4,810m
  • La Barre des Écrins (Alps) 4,102m
  • Pic d'Aneto (Pyrenees) 3,404m
  • Vignemale (Pyrenees) 3,298m
  • Crêt de la Neige (Jura) 1,718m
  • Puy de Sancy (Massif Central) 1,885m
  • Plomb du Cantal (Massif Central) 1,855m
  • Ballon de Guebwiller (Vosges) 1,424m

Rivers

  • The Loire runs for 1,020km from its source on Mont Gerbier-de-Jonc in Ardèche, at an altitude of 1,408m
  • The Seine (776km) rises on the plateau de Langres in Côte d'Or, at an altitude of 471m
  • The Garonne (575m, of which 524km are in France) has its source in Spain in the massif de la Maladeta
  • The Rhône (812km, of which 522km is in France) rises in the massif du Saint-Gothard in Switzerland

Traditional regions

New regions from 2016


Currency

Until 2 January 2002, the currency was the Franc. It has since changed to European currency, and now the Euro is the legal tender. 1 Euro (€) = 100 Euro centimes.


Population

On January 1, 2012 there were 65.35 million people in the country, with more of them living for longer, and more of them being over 65 years old.

Some political stuff

The country is a republic with a written constitution (5th Republic).

The President is François Hollande (who has a 5-year mandate, from 2012).

The Prime Minister is Bernard Cazeneuve.

Religion

France is a secular republic, although about two-thirds of the population say they are Catholic, and only 2% Protestant. But fewer than 10% of the Catholics are regular church-goers, and the incidence of those admitting to being atheist or agnostic is on the increase.

Education

1. Formal schooling starts at six years in France, although in reality little children are learning from four years old

2. No school uniform in French schools

3. Greater emphasis in France on the core subjects, i.e. French and Maths, and less time given to imaginative/creative subjects (story-writing, drama) in primary school, but paradoxically more time given to learning poems and texts by heart

4. Repeating a year is more common in France, should the child be consistently under-achieving

5. No headmaster or headmistress in French schools – teachers are answerable direct to the regional education authority and a teacher is designated ‘director’ for administrative tasks each year. Secondary schools have a non-teaching, full-time director at the helm

6. No packed lunch in most French schools – it’s either the canteen or home for lunch

7. No celebration of religious festivals, so no nativity play: schools are strictly secular except for the private Catholic schools

8. France still operates what is effectively a primary, middle and upper school system, with pupils entering secondary middle school (collège) aged 11, before going to sixth-form college or high school (lycée) at 15 years old

9. Parents must take out annual insurance – called assurance scolaire – for their children attending school in France, but on the upside, parents receive an annual allowance per child for the ‘rentrée’ to help pay for school essentials

10. Private education is far less prevalent in France – Catholic schools are deemed ‘private’, but teachers are paid by the state as in secular schools, and fees are around €100 per term. there is also a relatively small network of high fee-paying private schools


This website was built using Site Build It!



SEARCH THIS WEBSITE

Custom Search